Author Archives: Blog Energia

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Sulfuric acid dew point Corrosion

Sulphuric acid dew point corrosion or cold end corrosion occurs due to the condensation of sulphuric acid and is commonly observed in components which are exposed to product of combustion . ie Boiler or an engine. sulphuric is present in heavy oil and during combustion, Sulphur oxide are generated . a small portion of which become SO3 , as the exhaust gas temperature reaches the dew point or lower , vapor-phase sulfuric acid form . f the sulphuric acid vapor contacts the lower – temperature metal surface it may condensate as liquid sulphuric acid and corrode the metal

Source – SA Hasan Linkedin

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Energia Indonesia – SKK MIGAS FDG Activity

Energia Indonesia – SKK Migas Focus Group Discussion activity

Mr Ramadhani Santoso Presenting to SKK Migas for application Advanced Engineering Technology for oil and gas

Sharing updated technology related exploration and production for SKK migas development

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Machine performance vs machine failure – P – F Diagram

how to maintenance equipment depend on strategy maintenance . with maintenance option , proactive domain , predictive domain and protective domain , we can evaluate machine performance vs failure

P-F Diagram for machine performance
P-F Diagram for machine performance

initial phenomena , wear debris , vibration noise , heat dissipation and smoke is signal factor for predict machine performance . this P-F diagram can be technical reference for protecting activity asset

contact us for collaboration engineering forensic activity

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Mechanical Wear Protection calculation

How to calculate mechanical wear , Stribeck Curve explain how to increase protection equipment agains mechanical wear

Stribeck Curve for protection against mechanical wear.
Stribeck Curve for protection against mechanical wear.

control related wear , film thickness and coefficient of friction for boundary lubrication , mixed film lubrication and hydrodynamic lubrication

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Factor Influence Corrosion


Factor Influence for Corrosion

Environment effect : Degree of Aeration , Flow Velocity , Impurities , pH , Temperature , Concentration of Corrodents

Material Effect : Surface Condition , Composition , Micro Structure , Hot/Cold Hardening

Stress Effect : Design Factor, Fabrication , Metallurgy Factor

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Blast Furnace Construction


The blast furnace is a counter-current gas/solids reactor in which the descending column of burden materials [coke, iron ore and fluxes/additives] reacts with the ascending hot gases. The process is continuous with raw materials being regularly charged to the top of the furnace and molten iron and slag being tapped from the bottom of the furnace at regular intervals.

Key steps of the process are as follows:

  1. upper part of the furnace – free moisture is driven off from the burden materials and hydrates and carbonates are disassociated.
  2. lower part of the blast furnace shaft – indirect reduction of the iron oxides by carbon monoxide and hydrogen occurs at 700-1,000°C.
  3. Bosh area of the furnace where the burden starts to soften and melt – direct reduction of the iron [and other] oxides and carbonization by the coke occurs at 1,000-1,600°C. Molten iron and slag start to drip through to the bottom of the furnace [the hearth].
    Between the bosh and the hearth are the tuyeres [water cooled copper nozzles] through which the blast – combustion air, preheated to 900-1,300°C, often enriched with oxygen – is blown into the furnace. Immediately in front of the tuyeres is the combustion zone, the hottest part of the furnace, 1,850-2,200°C, where coke reacts with the oxygen and steam in the blast to form carbon monoxide and hydrogen [as well as heat] and the iron and slag melt completely.
    Molten iron and slag collect in the furnace hearth. Being less dense, the slag floats on top of the iron. Slag and iron are tapped at regular intervals through separate tap holes. For merchant pig iron production, the iron is cast into ingots; in integrated steel mills, the molten iron or hot metal is transferred in torpedo ladle cars to the steel converters. Slag is transferred to slag pits for further processing into usable materials, for example raw material for cement production, road construction, etc.
Blast Furnace

Source : metalurgica engineering

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Corrosion Risk Planning for Storage Tank

Risk Planning activity for a Storage Tank

What should form an integral part of a quality management system which includes corrosion risk planning for a tank?

What areas should one look at when planning for design/maintenance/inspection of a tank?

1.Inner walls – Risk :
Coating degradation
Corrosion due to water/dissolved oxygen

Risk Planning activity for a Storage Tank

2. Outer walls/roof – Risk :
Atmospheric corrosion
coating degradation due to moisture + UV radiation + temperature

3. Pipes – Risk :
Atmospheric corrosion
Coating degradation

4. Railing – Risk :
Coating degradation
Wrong coating selection based on pure aesthetics
coating damage at joints and bends

5. Breather valve – Risk :
uniform corrosion/pitting depending on whether it is made up of carbon steel/stainless steel
Galvanic couple at the joining/welding point of valve to roof

Source : Linkedin , Pic : Pexel

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Atmospheric and Galvanic Corrosion issue

The water and water vapor inside the casing can lead to atmospheric and galvanic corrosion issues. Additionally, the presence of water can cause electrolytic shorting between the pipeline and the casing that could affect the level of cathodic protection on the carrier pipe.

engineering approach with correct material selection corrosion protection and process operation setup should be mandatory activity for safety operation

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Gas Leak Control LPG Sphere Tank

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API 2510 and NFPA 58 explain about requirement for LNG Storage Product . Procedure for emergency shutdown is explain for all loading and un loading area and inlet and outlet tank . Manual operation of emergency shutdown is activated by operator using a emergency button located adjacent to the transfer and loading point . This shutdown procedure should be automated and can be activated by supporting control system ie Scada automation control . Interconnecting capability with flame detector , gas detector and upset process condition.

Aim for this scenario to stop the flow of uncontrolled release to limit the size of leaked amount of gas . if the gas flow cant stop from the LPG leakage source , the LPG will be leaked continuously .

Another effect from this condition , emergency action plan will be more difficult for site response team. first action to stop LPG sphere tank leaked . key point for maintenance and reliability check where control of emergency shutoff valve should be check regularly .

keyword : Gas Leakage , LPG Sphere tank maintenance , Tank Reliability . ANSYS FEA Simulation , CFD Simulation , Structure integrity .

Pic Source : Linkedin

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Fire Safety in Pipeline and Tank

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In Engineering Reliability and Process Safety activity , position of the flanges is important for the safety of pipelines and tank. Option for gasket Selection, gasket installation and general flange controls are extremely critical in the fire and process safety.

Gasket installation there are many important control point :

  1. Proper gasket material.
  2. Examine flanges surface
  3. Proper torque of bolt
  4. Alignment of flange faces
  5. Bolt holes
  6. Step for tightening bolt
  7. Potential Corrosion

Leak that’s my occur in the flanges can even cause jet fires. while in the flanges are positioned on the installation. risk assessment should be made by considering the jet fire possibilities. if jet fires impact on the tank shell , bleve will be very quickly. Gasket are small but important details for the safety on your facilities.

Energia Indonesia can assist engineering reliability activity and review process safety . With advanced tools and experienced engineer , we can increase accuracy analysis and reduce potential failure .

Scope of work :

Engineering Process Safety . Reliability services. Finite element analysis . Computational fluid dynamics . ansys software . ansys fluent . Gas leakage Detection .

Pic Source : Linkedin

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